In March 1992 the war between Serbs, Croats, and Muslim Bosnians began as the state of Yugoslavia was disintegrating. Soon the world witnessed heinous crimes being committed in Bosnia-Herzegovina by Bosnian Serb forces supported by Serbian leaders. Reports told of ethnic cleansing through mass killing, rape, and other such atrocities that had not been seen in Europe since WWII. The unfolding crisis was viewed as a massive failure of the United Nations. Critics said the UN was unable or unwilling to step in and use its powers for the very purpose for which it was created: to stop violent conflict and protect innocent lives.
At the 2014 Hofstra University High School Model United Nations Conference, the Historical Crisis Committee will be based on the United Nations Security Council deliberations that took place in response to the Bosnia crisis. In this council some of the world’s best minds will gather to find a solution, diplomatic or otherwise, to resolve the egregious events which transpired. Members will be required to know the political landscape of the time, spanning from the disintegration of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, to the forces that ruled in its wake, to the unfortunate ethnic tensions that led to crisis and beyond.
Our Security Council will function in the manner of the actual U.N. body that met in 1992. There will be fifteen members of the council, with one delegate representing each of the five permanent members (P5) and ten non-permanent members. Each delegate will have one vote in deliberations as they represent a Council member, with the P5 given exclusive veto power. This council will be based in historical fact, but it is by no means a re-enactment. Delegates should expect to debate not only the actual Security Council resolutions that were passed, but also any contingency that may arise from their actions.