ATEP Mission Statement
The mission of the Hofstra University Athletic Training Education Program (ATEP) is to develop future professionals in the field of athletic training through a strong academic program and clinical experience in the management of health care problems associated with physical activity. The professional preparation includes development in evidence-based practice; prevention and health promotion; clinical examination and diagnosis; acute care of injury and illness; therapeutic interventions; psychosocial intervention and referral; health care administration; and professional development and responsibilities, following guidelines developed by the National Athletic Trainers' Association and the Commission on Accreditation of Athletic Training Education (CAATE). The ATEP prepares scholarly practitioners, who, through strong didactic and clinical experiences will be able to work with diverse populations in both traditional and non-traditional settings.
Goals and Objectives
Goal 1: Evidence-Based Practice
- Define evidence-based practice as it relates to athletic training clinical practice.
- Describe and differentiate the types of qualitative and quantitative research, research components and levels of research evidence, including but not limited to differentiating between narrative reviews, systematic reviews and meta-analyses.
- Utilize standard criteria or developed measures to determine the effectiveness and efficacy of athletic training interventions, including patient status, progress and outcomes.
- Demonstrate sound clinical decision-making and critical examination of athletic training practices by incorporating the best available evidence in combination with clinical skills and patient needs to maximize patient outcomes.
- Utilize a standard approach to ask and answer clinically relevant questions that affect patient care, that includes creating a clinically relevant question; searching for the best evidence; critically analyzing the evidence; integrating the appraisal with clinical expertise and patients’ preferences; and evaluating the performance or outcomes of the actions.
Goal 2: Prevention and Health Promotion
- Describe the concepts and uses of injury and illness surveillance related to athletic training, including appropriate risk identification for common abnormalities, disabilities and diseases; summarizing epidemiological data; and measures used to assess effectiveness of prevention strategies.
- Implement procedures to prevent the spread of infectious diseases and appropriately execute preparticipation physical examinations based on available recommendations and requirements.
- Explain the principles of environmental illness prevention programs, obtain and interpret environmental data to make clinical decisions regarding scheduling, type and duration of physical activity, and summarize current clinical practice guidelines related to physical activity during extreme weather conditions.
- Utilize various clinical tools (urine color charts, glucometer, peak flow meter, etc.) to assess patient status regarding a variety of physiological measures to determine participation status and make participation and referral decisions.
- Demonstrate a variety of strategies to communicate with coaches, athletes, parents, administrators, other health care professionals and other relevant personnel regarding potentially dangerous conditions related to the environment, field, playing surfaces or equipment.
- Summarize basic principles associated with the design, construction and use of protective equipment, orthotics and dynamic splint and properly fit standard protective equipment and apply preventative taping, wrapping techniques, splints, braces and other special protective devices.
- Summarize the general principles of health maintenance and personal hygiene and the role of exercise in maintaining a healthy lifestyle and preventing chronic disease.
- Identify and describe standard tests, test equipment and testing protocols that are used for measuring fitness, body composition, posture, flexibility, muscular strength, power, speed, agility and endurance. Administer and interpret fitness test to assess a client's physical status and design a fitness program to meet the individual needs of the client based on the results of standard fitness assessments.
- Describe the role of nutrition in enhancing performance, preventing injury or illness, and maintaining a healthy lifestyle, including education of patients/clients on the importance of healthy eating and regular exercise and strategies for improving or maintaining health and quality of life.
- Describe contemporary nutritional intake recommendations for macro- and micronutrients, hydration guidelines and specific recommendations for pre-activity, activity and recovery meals and snacks and be able to make appropriate recommendations to patients/clients.
- Describe the principles and methods of body composition assessment to assess a client's/patient's health status and to monitor changes related to weight management, injury, disordered eating, menstrual status and/or bone density status, assess body composition by validated techniques and describe contemporary weight management strategies.
- Identify and describe the signs, symptoms, physiological and psychological responses of clients/patients with disordered eating and eating disorders along with the methods of appropriate management and referral for clients/patients consistent with current practice guidelines.
- Explain the usage patterns, general effects and adverse effects for commonly used dietary supplements, performance-enhancing drugs and illicit drugs, identifying which substances are banned by sport and/or workplace organizations in order to properly advise clients/patients about possible disqualification and other consequences.
Goal 3: Clinical Examination and Diagnosis
- Develop a thorough understanding of anatomy, physiology and biomechanics and the normal anatomical, systemic and physiological changes associated with the lifespan.
- Explain the role and importance of functional outcome measures in clinical practice and patient health-related quality of life and utilize those measures appropriate for use in athletic training practice.
- Obtain a thorough medical history, use standard techniques and procedures for the clinical examination of common injuries, conditions, illnesses and diseases, applying clinical prediction rules, clinical reasoning skills and differential diagnosis techniques to determine the appropriate clinical diagnosis and referral decisions.
- Determine the criteria and make decisions regarding return to activity and/or sports participation based on the patient's current status including current setting-specific and activity-specific rules and guidelines.
Goal 4: Acute Care of Injuries and Illnesses
- Explain and adhere to the legal, moral, and ethical parameters of first aid and emergency care and the appropriate role and responsibilities of the certified athletic trainer.
- Demonstrate knowledge of and competency in skills related to accepted standards of first aid and emergency care, rescue breathing, CPR and use of AED.
- Describe, assemble, and maintain emergency care supplies and equipment necessary for appropriate event coverage.
- Describe appropriate ambulatory aids and constructs and educate patients in implementation of appropriate home care and self treatment plans after injury or illness.
Goal 5: Therapeutic Interventions
- Describe and differentiate the physiological and pathophysiological response to inflammatory and non-inflammatory conditions, theories of pain perception, pain modulation, , and analyze impact of immobilization, inactivity and mobilization on the body systems and the influence of these responses on the design, implementation and progression of therapeutic interventions.
- Describe common surgical techniques, including interpretation of operative reports, and any resulting precautions, contraindications, and comorbidities that impact the selection and progression of a therapeutic intervention program.
- Describe the laws of physics that underlay the application of thermal, mechanical, electromagnetic and acoustic energy to the body and form the foundation for the development of therapeutic interventions.
- Describe the relationship between application of therapeutic modalities and the incorporation of active and passive exercise and/or manual therapies, including therapeutic massage, myofascial techniques, muscle energy techniques, joint mobilization and other supportive taping, wrapping and bracing techniques.
- Design therapeutic interventions to meet specific treatment goals using on-going clinical examination to determine when a therapeutic intervention should be progressed, regressed or discontinued including the incorporation of self-treatment plans as appropriate.
- Inspect therapeutic equipment and the treatment environment for potential safety hazards and identify the standards that influence approval, operation, inspection, maintenance and safe application of therapeutic modalities and rehabilitation equipment.
- Demonstrate knowledge of legal regulations and procedures for storage, transportation, dispensing, and record keeping for prescription and OTC pharmaceuticals.
- Demonstrate knowledge of pharmaceutical information resources.
- Describe the process of absorption, distribution, metabolism and elimination of and effects of physical activity on medications.
- Demonstrate knowledge of general indications, contraindications, and adverse reactions for a variety of prescription and non-prescription pharmaceuticals, including performance-enhancing drugs.
Goal 6: Psychosocial Strategies and Referral
- Describe the current psychosocial and sociocultural issues and problems confronting athletic training and sports medicine and their effect on athletes and others involved in physical activity.
- Use the psychosocial requirements of various sports activities in assessing the readiness of the injured or ill athlete to return to activity.
- Demonstrate understanding of the emotional and psychological responses to trauma and forced physical inactivity during the rehabilitation and reconditioning process.
- Use basic principles of counseling and conflict resolution, stress reduction and motivational strategies in working with athletes, coaches, administrators, and peers.
- Recognize signs and symptoms of drug abuse, mental and emotional disorders, personal/social conflict, and make appropriate referrals for care.
- Demonstrate respect for various social and cultural attitudes, beliefs, and values related to health care practices when caring for patients.
Goal 7: Healthcare Administration
- Describe and apply common human resource policy and federal legislation The Americans With Disabilities Act, Wage and Hour, Family Medical Leave Act, Family Educational Rights Privacy Act, Fair Labor Standards Act, Sexual Harassment, and Equal Employment Opportunities Commission.
- Be able to organize and administer pre-participation examinations and screening including appropriate record-keeping, scheduling, and site utilization.
- Demonstrate ability to use current national injury/illness surveillance and reporting systems.
- Describe and use the mandated OSHA universal precautions.
- Demonstrate knowledge of administrative functions necessary for athletic training such as: budgeting, hiring, supervision, purchasing, planning, recruiting allied medical and health care personnel, performance appraisal, facility planning, and developing policies and procedures, risk management planning.
- Be able to develop appropriate emergency action plans, including use of community-based emergency services.
- Demonstrate knowledge of insurance policies and procedures appropriate to athletic training.
- Demonstrate knowledge of the continuing education process required to maintain certification as an athletic trainer.
- Demonstrate ability to develop and maintain an effective patient information management system.
Goal 8: Professional Development and Responsibility
- Demonstrate knowledge of state and NATA regulations governing professional practice in athletic training.
- Demonstrate techniques and methods for disseminating injury prevention and health care information to health care professionals, athletes, athletic personnel, parents/guardians, and the public.
- Locates appropriate, available professional development opportunities.
- Properly interprets the role of athletic trainer as a health care provider, and provides information regarding the role of the certified athletic trainer to athletes, parents/guardians, athletic department personnel, and others.