Explanation of “Peer Review”
Peer review is the evaluation of work by one or more people of similar competence to the producers of the work (peers). Scholarly peer review (also known as refereeing) is the process of subjecting an author's scholarly work, research, or ideas to the scrutiny of others who are experts in the same field, before a paper describing this work is published in a journal. The work may be accepted, considered acceptable with revisions, or rejected. Peer review requires a community of experts in a given (and often narrowly defined) field, who are qualified and able to perform impartial review. Peer review is a well-accepted indicator of quality scholarship.
Other important points about peer review journals include:
- Peer review constitutes a form of self-regulation by qualified members of a profession within the relevant field.
- Peer review methods are employed to maintain standards of quality, improve performance, and provide credibility.
- In academia peer review is often used to determine an academic paper's suitability for publication.
- Peer groups of researchers, scholars and professionals within a specific discipline are the audience for scholarly literature.
- Articles accepted for publication through a peer review process implicitly meet the discipline's expected standards of expertise.
The peer-review process is an essential part of the publication process, which will improve the manuscripts published by SPECIAL EDUCATION RESEARCH, POLICY & PRACTICE. Not only does peer review provide an independent assessment of the importance and technical accuracy of research, but the feedback conveyed to authors with the editor’s advice frequently results in manuscripts being refined so that their structure and logic are more readily apparent to readers.